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Our profile
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於12:40:18 | Q and A
Profile

Names:Ko Chang Ming
Huang Tzu Hsuan
Bao Jia Yu
Class:6Excellence
School:Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Primary School
Teacher in charge: Ms Suhana Abdul Hamid
Group name: Cervello

Ambition
Ko Chang Ming-Lawyer
Bao Jia Yu-Model
Huang Tzu Hsuan-Editor of a magazine...probably

What we wish the public to do?
Be environment-friendly. Do not throw rubbish/litter in the sea/at the seaside. Use a fan instead of an air-conditioner, etc. These are the most basic and simpliest actions we could do (we all learn from the textbooks). There is no reason(repeat, no reason)for us not to do and laziness does not set its foot in. 
Showing some awareness towards our mother Earth-our only home. It is our responsibilities. Since all these catastrophes are made by us, we shall end these so that our coral reefs could prosper.
If you think"oh, we found a similar planet to Earth...blah blah blah...and corals are there", then you are totally WRONG.If you treat that planet like what we did to the Earth, you will ruin the planet, and it will end up like the one we used to have-Earth.
Corals are jewels of the sea. People admitted that(most people though), so you want your generation to know and see what are "corals" with their own eyes,  show some awareness.

About this blog
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於16:47:02 | Q and A
There is a total of  29 blog entries,  2 photo albums (get there=simply click on "album" button at the top banner (The place where you see our blog name) and  7 videos (get there=simply click on "media" at the top banner.)
ATTENTION~!
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於16:42:34 | Q and A
While visiting this blog, please use the latest IE explorer 7 or higher. Do not use any older version of it or Firefox or Safari or Netscape. Otherwise, the plug-ins cannot be shown and the template will look weird.


Thank you.
5/9/2008
Chang Ming, Tzu Hsuan, Jia Yu

THE YEAR OF THE REEF 國際珊瑚礁年
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於12:36:47 | Reefs
URL: http://mymedia.yam.com/m/2333811


★Beautiful Coral Reef Pictures☆
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於22:25:44 | Reefs
Coral reefs are indeed beautiful creatures...They are really jewels of the ocean...((Pictures from: ocean2k@gmail.com (some presentation)))
URL:http://album.blog.yam.com/savethereefs&folder=4855032






































Coral-related products we have done @ http://decojiro.net/
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於20:57:03 | Reefs

(Above) This one was really a funny one. The Japanese wordings meant that "THE BIGGEST ISSUE IN THIS CENTURY: SAVE THE REEFS".←The translation might not be the correct one as I am very poor in Japanese.


(Above)A lorry...I guess =____=|||


(Above) A interview...I think so...O_O


(Above) A cover page of a magazine featuring coral reefs which is published daily. Did you all notice that actually the wordings were moving?


(Above)A warning(?)The Japanese below means"DANGEROUS!"


(Above)As you can see, this is a chocolate bar...Definitely a very bitter yet very memorable taste if you take a small bite on it.


(Above)A fascia(?), or more a signboard.
Person A: I wonder what does this shop sell...
Person B: Umm...♥All the love for the coral reefs~♥
Person A:...


A much plainer picture than the previous one, but I love the simplicity that this picture shown~


A bit fanciful...but it's still nice.


☆Our opinion★
Apart from all the wordy entries that we had posted, this is definitely a more enjoyable one as there are some funny pictures.
Sometimes, the words may just drive people's interest away. So we decided to use these picture to "regain" their interest towards coral.

Coral isn't boring. It does not only involve in Biology or simpler to say, science. It can be fun, we have everything. Eg. Internet. Just have to use our brain (Though our brains are currently clouded)


URL:http://album.blog.yam.com/savethereefs&folder=4928523


Translations(from chinese to english)
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於22:07:33 | Q and A
It is a Chinese blog site so we cannot do anything about it. Please STOP complaining. We have do a simple translation for you all. Anyway, all the blog entries are written in English.



















If you want to view a blog entry, just click on the title of the blog entry than it will be fine.


觀看全文...
Why shouldn't we destroy the coral reefs?
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於21:37:11 | Our thoughts
Why destroy coral reefs even, in the first place?
In the first place, coral reefs are not for you to destroy.
They are existing because of so many useful purposes.
The coral reefs help to beautify the ocean.
Makes the ocean a much much more beautiful scenery for us to enjoy.
Try to imagine the ocean without the glamorous coral reefs.
Coral reefs are like jewels which the ocean adorned with.
Like us human, we sometimes put on beautiful clothes or jewels to make us look nicer.
Same thing applies to the sea.

So, why destroy?
Us, human beings exist, not for destroying things,but to use our intelligence to make the world a better place for every single living things to live in all aspects.
We are the ones who are given the power, so we are stronger than other living things which share the world with us.
So, greater responsibility falls on our shoulders.
To protect the mother earth with all our strength.
But, did we do the thing that we suppose to do?
No.
Until,
the nature takes her revenge.
Only us humans can talk, can use words to express our feelings.
But the other living things cannot.
But that does not mean that they do not feel anything.




Now, some strange things happened already, which are getting worse and worse.
Hope the WORST will not come.
What we can do is try to recover what we have done and pray hard.
There is a word called "try".
"Try" may not succeed,
but if you never "try",
you will never succeed.




From: Our own brains.

[NYT]Human Shadows on the Seas
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於21:33:56 | Reefs

INTERLOPERS TAKE HOLD Invaders like Pacific oysters, left, and the comb jelly, right, have squeezed out native species in some seas.
Published: February 26, 2008

In 1980, after college, I joined the crew of a sailboat partway through a circumnavigation of the globe. Becalmed and roasting one day during a 21-day crossing of the western Indian Ocean, several of us dived over the side. Within a few swimming strokes, the bobbing hull seemed a toy over my shoulder as I glanced back through my diving mask. Below me, my shadow and the boat’s dwindled to the vanishing point in the two-mile-deep water. Human activity seemed nothing when set against the sea itself.

Just a few weeks later, on an uninhabited island in a remote part of the Red Sea, I was proved wrong. The shore above the tide line was covered with old light bulbs, apparently tossed from the endless parade of ships over the years.

Now scientists are building the first worldwide portrait of such dispersed human impacts on the oceans, revealing a planet-spanning mix of depleted resources, degraded ecosystems and disruptive biological blending as species are moved around the globe by accident and intent.

A paper in the Feb. 15 issue of the journal Science is the first effort to map 17 kinds of human ocean impacts like organic pollution, including agricultural runoff and sewage; damage from bottom-scraping trawls; and intensive traditional fishing along coral reefs.

About 40 percent of ocean areas are strongly affected, and just 4 percent pristine, according to the review. Polar seas are in the pristine category, but poised for change. Some human impacts are familiar, like damage to coral reefs and mangrove forests through direct actions like construction and subtler ones like the loss of certain fish that shape ecosystems.

Others were a surprise, said Benjamin S. Halpern, the lead author and a scientist at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis in Santa Barbara, Calif. He said continental shelves and slopes proved to be the most heavily affected areas, particularly along densely populated coasts.

The most widespread human fingerprint is a slow drop in the pH of surface waters around the world as a portion of the billions of tons of carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere from fuel and forest burning each year is absorbed in water, where it forms carbonic acid.

That progressive shift in ocean chemistry could eventually disrupt shell-forming plankton and reef-building species, particularly where other impacts, including rising temperatures from human-caused global warming, create simultaneous stresses, many marine biologists say.

“I study this stuff all the time and didn’t expect the impacts to be as pervasive as we found,” Dr. Halpern said.

The review provides a baseline necessary for tracking further shifts, he said. It also identifies some unanticipated trouble spots, similar to terrestrial biodiversity “hot spots” that environmental groups have identified over the years.

Such an analysis is long overdue, many marine biologists said in interviews. People’s conservation concerns have mainly focused on land, even though the seas cover two-thirds of the planet and are a vital source of food and pleasure.

Sylvia Earle, an oceanographer and National Geographic Society “explorer in residence,” said people care only about what they know. A big question now is whether such surveys are providing too little knowledge, too late.

“We learned more about the nature of the ocean in the latter part of the 20th century than during all preceding human history,” Dr. Earle said. “But we also lost more.”

A separate mapping effort published this month focused on introduced invasive species and found that 84 percent of the world’s coastal waters were affected, with Arctic waters next in line as shipping there grows in a warming world.

More than half the introduced species that take hold are having deleterious effects, said Jennifer Molnar, a conservation scientist at the Nature Conservancy who led that study, which was published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

The House of Representatives is considering legislation aimed at tightening controls on the ballast water that stabilizes freighters when they are not full. Ballast water and organisms clinging to hulls and anchors have been the source of many costly marine invasions, including the introduction of zebra mussels to American waters and the comb jelly, a small jellyfish, to the Black Sea.

That species exploded after its accidental introduction in 1993, vacuuming up plankton until it made up 90 percent of the sea’s life by weight, causing fisheries to collapse. Its population there has since crashed, partly because of the arrival of a species of jellyfish that eats the established invader.

In May, invasive species will be a significant subject at the meeting of the world’s nations to assess the progress of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Even as efforts to gauge human effects intensify, other scientists are simply trying to survey marine species large and small, an enormous task given how little is known about the oceans.

The hub for this work is the Census of Marine Life, a 10-year project initiated under the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation that is scheduled to produce a first synthesis report on marine species in 2010.

More than 2,000 scientists from 81 countries have chipped in, said Michael Feldman of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership, a group in Washington running the global project.

Since 2003, the project has discovered more than 5,300 species, Mr. Feldman said, adding: “We’ve only been able to formally describe a few hundred so far. They’re still discovering things at a rate we don’t even know what to do with.”

There is a growing sense of urgency among marine researchers in cataloging what is there, what is being threatened and what is already a fading memory.

Recent books, including “The Unnatural History of the Sea” by the marine scientist Callum Roberts, have painted vivid portraits of how much more abundant marine resources were a few generations ago, a situation well known to anyone who has worked in a fishery.

In the 1970s, I worked summers for the Rhode Island marine fisheries agency. At one point, I was tagging lobsters as part of an effort to find ways to revive depleted populations. A crusty old custodian in the laboratory, Jim Pimentel, reminisced about how different things had been a few decades earlier.

“We used lobsters for cod bait,” Mr. Pimentel said.

Looking ahead, Jane Lubchenco, a marine biologist at Oregon State University, said a wide array of efforts is required to sustain productive, if altered, seas. Among the needed steps, Dr. Lubchenco said, are expanding protected marine areas and curbing pollution, including carbon dioxide.

“We cannot go back in time to some past system,” Dr. Lubchenco said. “But we can protect and restore the functioning of today’s ecosystems so they can be as healthy, productive and resilient as possible.”


The new york times-Before They Vanish
savethereefs 在天空部落發表於20:29:20 | Reefs

In the middle of the Pacific Ocean, more than 900 miles south of Hawaii and far from any metropolis, the corals of the Line Islands form some of the few almost-pristine reefs left in the world. In 2005, a team of scientists conducted an extensive survey of corals around four of the Line Islands: Kingman Reef, Palmyra atoll, Tabuaeran and Kiritimati, also known as Christmas Island. They hope that knowledge about healthy reefs will aid the conservation of reefs elsewhere that are battered by pollution, overfishing, tourists and other ills.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 

Corals exist as colonies of identical animals, known as polyps. Some corals secrete calcium carbonate to form a protective skeleton, and as generations of corals live and die, their skeletons accumulate into a reef like this staghorn coral in the lagoon of Palmyra atoll.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 

Even far away from people, corals are suffering ill effects from a changing planet. Carbon dioxide emitted by distant cars and power plants is dissolving into the oceans to form carbonic acid, which in turn dissolves the calcium carbonate in the coral skeletons. Warming ocean temperatures can lead to "bleaching events," where the corals temporarily evict Zooxanthellae, microscopic symbiotic algae that live with them. Even among the healthy corals, the normal ebb and flow of life can result in dead patches like this staghorn coral in the Kingman Reef.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya



A healthy reef often appears, at first glance, to be empty, with only a few of the colorful fish usually associated with coral swimming around. That is because the fish are hiding, trying to avoid becoming a meal for predators like this red snapper. The ecosystem "is similar to what we see in Yellowstone -- the landscape of fear," said Enric Sala, one of the scientists. "In Yellowstone, there are all these wolves, and the deer are much attentive. The same thing happens with prey fish in a pristine reef."

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya


But the scientists also found the effects of even a few thousand people living on the two islands farther south can been seen on the reefs, probably the result of fishing. Around Tabuaeran, top, and Kiritimati, the scientists saw few of the predator species that they had seen at the unpopulated Kingman Reef and barely populated Palmyra atoll, and the reefs were not as healthy.

Photo: Scripps Institution of Oceanography

 

Forest Rohwer of San Diego State University collecting water to identify viruses and bacteria living in and around the reefs.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 

Not all of the research focused on today's corals. Scientists extracted a one-meter-long core from a living colony, which can be used to reconstruct past climate patterns based on changes in the chemical composition of different layers.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 

Gustav Paulay of the University of Florida examining coral specimens he collected.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 


With the changing environment of the oceans, many scientists predict that many -- and perhaps almost all of the coral reefs -- will die off by the end of the century.

Photo: Zafer Kizilkaya

 

(adapted from:http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/02/25/science/earth/0226-REEF_11.html)


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